More about micro and macro nutrients

 Symptoms included unusual color, necrosis, wilting, distortions; general size and growth of leaves, petioles, buds, and stems. Also noted were changes in color of inter veinal areas, veins, bases, margins, and tips of young and old leaves. Micronutrients, often referred to as vitamins and minerals, are vital to healthy development, disease prevention, and wellbeing. With the exception of vitamin D, micronutrients are not produced in the body and must be derived from the diet.

1.     Nitrogen in temprate fruits

Apples color poorly and lose firmness more readily in storage. Shoot growth exceeds optimum lengths listed above. Nitrogen deficiency: pale green leaves and reduced shoot growth. tissue later turns a bronze color and may eventually die.


     2.    Phosphorus inTemprate fruits:

Poor root growth resulting in stunned growth of the tree.

Purple coloration of leaves.

Reduced flowering and seed formation.

Poor fruit set.

Reduced leaf size and shoot growth.

Reduced fruit size and lesser fruit color.

Delayed fruit maturity.

3.     Potassium in temprate Fruits:

Symptoms of a potassium deficiency include scorched edges of leaves, particularly in foliage near fruit, which itself is a strong sink for potassium. This can reduce photosynthesis, resulting in poor tree growth. In a trial with Fuji.

4.     Magnesium in temprate fruits:

Symptoms appear first as chlorosis between the main veins, starting on older leaves. Then develop to interveinal necrosis or necrotic blotches along the main vein. Often leaf margin remain green.

5.     Sulphur in temprate fruits:

Leaf growth is reduced and leaves are pale green / yellow in color.          

6.     Calcium in temprate fruits:

Low calcium concentrations produce bitter pit shown by depressed, sometimes dark areas on apple surface and small, brown corky areas within flesh.

·        Deficiency symptoms of Micro nutrients in temprate fruits:

1.     Manganese in temprate fruits:

Manganese deficiency is typically seen as pale areas on the leaf between darker green veins.

2.     Iron in temprate fruits:

Main veins still remain green. At prolonged deficiency veins become chlorotic too and necrotic spots appear in the chlorotic area of the leaves.

3.     Boron in temprate fruits:

Boron deficiency causes premature fruit drop, and fruit quality can be badly impaired by the cork formation. If the internal cork develops early in the season, the affected fruit will become badly deformed.

4.     Copper in temprate fruits:

Terminal leaves develop brown necrotic areas, curl upwards and become distorted. This disorder is

5.     Zinc in temprate fruits:

Symptoms are most dramatic in spring. Shoot growth is delayed, and affected leaves are short and abnormally narrow. Leaves at the top of affected shoots appear tufted or in a rosette formation.



Young leaves develop chlorosis between vein which starts from near base and spreads to epics that later become reddish brown in color similar symptoms are also found on leaf sheet, petioles and stem.


Reduced size and numbers of leaf having bronze and yellow colouration with brown or scorched leaf margins.


Inter veinal chlorosis in young leaves and older leaves develop orange or pink coloration followed by severe rolling of leaf margins due to lose in turgidity


Bronzing and stippling of leaves iron toxicity is not common but some plants secrete acid from roots.


Tints of golden yellow or blue color O leaves


Chlorosis of young leaves leaf sheet and lower part of stem in serial normally consist of minute brown spots legume develops brown or purplish spots over leaf margins.


Inter veinal mild chlorosis in young leaves starting from base and spread towards apex followed by inter veinal reddish brown colourationrollings of leaves margins


In early stages no clearly visible symptoms develop though shoot and root growth supresses (brown).